IX. Other intangible assets

The following tables show movements in “Other intangible assets” in 2015 and 2014.

 Concessions, licenses, trademarks and similar rightsAssets under development and payments on accountOtherTotal
Gross carrying amount        
Balance at 1 January 2014 145,927 64,392 4,480 214,799
Change in consolidation scope (1) (17) - (18)
Exchange rate gains (losses) 4,237 33 - 4,270
Increase 6,959 562 8,458 15,979
Decrease (1,713) (100) (18) (1,831)
Other movements (355) 3,656 (4,023) (722)
Balance at 31 December 2014 155,054 68,526 8,897 232,477
Change in consolidation scope (80) (95) - (175)
Exchange rate gains (losses) 2,867 - - 2,867
Increase 3,309 670 5,094 9,073
Decrease (17,065) (42) (9) (17,116)
Other movements (492) 6,576 (8,269) (2,185)
Balance at 31 December 2015 143,593 75,635 5,713 224,941
Amortization/Impairment losses        
Balance at 1 January 2014 (100,515) (52,468) - (152,983)
Change in consolidation scope 1 17 - 18
Exchange rate gains (losses) (2,768) (33) - (2,801)
Increase (10,611) (5,073) - (15,684)
Impairment losses - - - -
Decrease 1,564 95 - 1,659
Other movements 1,071 (5) - 1,066
Balance at 31 December 2014 (111,258) (57,467) - (168,725)
Change in consolidation scope 161 95 - 256
Exchange rate gains (losses) (1,899) - - (1,899)
Increase (10,752) (6,254) - (17,006)
Impairment losses (165) - - (165)
Decrease 17,041 40 - 17,081
Other movements 1,783 611 - 2,394
Balance at 31 December 2015 (105,089) (62,975) - (168,064)
Carrying amount
31 December 2014 43,796 11,059 8,897 63,752
31 December 2015 38,504 12,660 5,713 56,877

Investments in 2015 came to € 9,073k, mostly for business software, while amortization totalled € 17,006k. The directors’ report contains a more detailed analysis of capital expenditure.

Impairment testing of individual locations, carried out in conjunction with the property, plant and equipment testing mentioned in Note VII, led to net impairment losses of € 165k.

All “Other intangible assets” have finite useful lives.